in India , the number of patients suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD) has not yet been ascertained, but according to available sources, the number of Indians suffering from Chronic Kidney Disease has almost doubled in the last 15 years. According to estimates, 17 out of every 100 people in India are suffering from kidney disease, which is due to the family history of hypertension, diabetes or kidney failure.
Frees from waste materials Kidney
filters 200 liters of blood every day, and in this process 2 liters of toxic substances, waste and water are released. Waste and water eventually emit from the body in the form of urine and stool. Through this process, our kidneys control the body fluid levels. Kidney also emits hormones, which regulate blood pressure, produce red blood cells and help keep bones healthy.
Many times kidneys are gradually damaged with time. But the patient does not feel sick till then, unless the kidney worsens. Therefore it is very important to create awareness about kidney disease, prevent disease and detect disease early.
Identify the sign
only if there is treatment for kidney disease in the early stages, many times it gets cured by medicines only. There are signs of kidney disease- protein coming in urine and increasing the level of keratin in urea. This is the symptom of a disease called glomerulic nephritis.
Precise checks from biopsies
Most people tend to ignore these early symptoms, but if you start kidney biopsy in the beginning, glomerulal nephritis (kidney disease) can be treated, which can be prevented from affecting the kidney.
Many people regularly check their blood pressure and cholesterol levels, but do not make ‘Creatinine test’ (a type of kidney test) separately to detect the unknown problems of the kidneys and the kidneys.
Children may also be affected
If you think that only the elderly are victims of Kidney disease, then you are wrong. This can happen to children too. For the child to remain healthy, it is very important to find out the kidney disease in the early stages so that the kidney can not be damaged. It also includes acute kidney injury. If your child is not able to gain weight, his physical growth is decreasing, his body has frequent pain, it is difficult to urinate or it takes more time to urinate, in the morning when his face, If there is swelling in the feet or ankles, then it can cause kidney problems.
To do so,
it is necessary to be aware that the kidneys are considered to be one of the most important organs of the body, keeping the kidney healthy. Following the suggestions given below can reduce the risk of kidney disease.
Investigate the blood test for the investigation of creatinine. Creatinine is a waste material (muscular metabolism) which is removed from the body through the kidneys. Creatinine levels are used to calculate your estimated glomerulal filtration rate (EGFR). EGFR shows how effective kidney is filtering waste products with blood.
important to check your kidney during a physical examination once a year. If you are suffering from diabetes or high blood pressure problem then you are more at risk of kidney disease. There are two simple tests for screening kidney disease:
0 Urine test to check albumin (a type of protein). Protein in urine is one of the earliest symptoms of kidney damage. When there is too much protein in the urine, it means that the kidney filters have been damaged and the leakage of the protein is starting.
Control blood pressure and blood glucose levels
High blood pressure and diabetes are two major causes of kidney disease. There are several blood vessels in the kidney. Diseases that damage the blood vessels, including hypertension and diabetes, can also damage the kidneys. Even high blood pressure (pre-hypertension) and high levels of blood glucose, commonly called ‘pre-diabetes’, can damage the kidneys.
Weight Keeping the weight under control is also important for your kidney health. Being overweight means that the kidneys have to work harder to filter the toxic substances and meet the metabolic needs of increased body mass. Obesity also increases the risk of kidney disease two major risk factors, diabetes and high blood pressure. Losing weight can help in reducing these risks.
smoking, apart from the kidneys, it worsens the condition of diseases such as diabetes and hypertension that damages the kidneys. Quitting smoking can be difficult, but it will be the most important change related to your lifestyle, so you can protect your kidneys. Its effect will be reflected on your health altogether.
Increase physical activity is
usually gradually damaged by the kidney, in such a way, regular physical activity can help prevent kidney disease. Taking physical activity and healthy diet reduces the risk of kidney disease.
Keep an eye on your diet,
reduce the intake of salt and keep an eye on high sodium levels from processed foods because they can cause high blood pressure and damage the kidney. Using excessive sodium can cause high blood pressure, so it is better to reduce salt intake. About 1.5 to 2.3 grams of salt should be consumed daily. To avoid kidney problems, children should consume more fluids, especially water.
Precautions of taking painkillers:
Doctoral consultation or painkillers taken without consultation are filtered by the kidneys. This means that your kidneys break these medicines out of the body. So always before reading any medication, read its label and know its hazards and benefits. Talk to your doctor before starting these medicines.
(Based on the conversation with Dr Jitendra Kumar, Director of Kidney Transplant Department of KRG Hospital located in Faridabad)